In 1989, fresh out of high school, I had the difficult task of choosing a career path before college started in three months. In those days in Pakistan, there were limited options: becoming a doctor or an engineer, or entering the financial world after getting a business degree. I wasn’t interested in engineering, so that I was left with medicine or business. I couldn’t decide.

My uncle, one of the ciders in the family, suggested that I do a work placement to experience it for a month in an international company followed by a month in a hospital. After that, I could make a decision. It seemed like a brilliant idea.

I was accepted for a month’s placement at a foreign bank in Karachi. I got a feel for how the world of finance functioned, made new friends, and generally enjoyed the mostly easy-going work surroundings.

The month passed rapidly, and soon I began working at a leading hospital in Karachi. The experience couldn’t have been more different. The hospital had an intense environment. The days started early (at 7 am, compared to 9 am at the bank), and were filled with endless duties. And the night calls! This was crazy, working all day, through the night, and again the next day.

I began thinking about my two experiences. The bank had offered a more relaxing atmosphere, better working hours and less stress. The hospital was full of excitement and unpredictability, but the studying and training was difficult. It seemed that the business option was going to win out.

Near the end of my month at the hospital, I was driving home after an especially busy night call. In front of me was a public bus, with college students sitting on the top. As the driver weaved through (穿梭) traffic, I could see the boys shaking from side to side.

注意:1. 所续写短文的词数应为150左右;

2. 应使用5个以上短文中标有下划线的关键词语;

3. 续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语已为你写好;

4. 续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。

Paragraph 1: Suddenly, a boy fell off the back of the bus.


Paragraph 2: The next day, when I went to hospital to see the boy, all his family got up, with grateful smiles on their faces.







注意:1. 词数80左右; 2.开头已给出,不计入总词数。

参考词汇:垃圾分类 rubbish classification

Dear fellow students,

Our school has launched a program of rubbish classification.



Li Hua


Qiang Shuping was so busy making cloth shoes1. she didn’t even rest during the Dragon Boat Festival holiday. The woman from Baipu County, Jiangsu Province, 2. (make) shoes since she was 19 years old, and this year marks her 31st year making cloth shoes.

She spends the entire day in her tiny studio, which 3.(measure) less than 10 square meters altogether, filled with cloth shoes in4.(variety) stages of completion.

Nowadays, many stores make cloth shoes5. (use) machines, but Qiang sticks to the technique of making shoes entirely 6. hand. She says the shoes 7. (produce) by the machine are not of the same quality as handmade ones. The handmade cloth shoes are more durable and comfortable, 8.(soft), and absorb sweat better.

Some people buy cloth shoes out of nostalgia(怀旧), while others trust 9.(they) quality. Making shoes isn’t a profitable job, but Qiang still insists as she wants to preserve the craft and pass it down to the younger generation.

Handmade cloth shoes are also called qiancengdi (shoes with a thousand layers), 10. can date back to the ancient Zhou Dynasty. In 2009, the making technique of qiancengdi was listed as the national intangible cultural heritage.


Experts say boredom is good for kids. It forces them to be creative, ____their imaginations and helps them discover new things. A (n)____in point is 13-year-old Luke Thill from Dubuque, Iowa.

Luke was____of playing video games and riding his bike, so he decided to build a tiny house in his backyard instead. He made money from cutting lawns(草坪)and____exchanged some services, such as gaining the help of an electrical engineer____sweeping his garage. Luke also____spare materials from his grandmother’s house and other____materials from his neighbors for some of the windows and the door.

The 89-square—foot home cost $1,500 to build and ____18 months. Inside there’s a kitchenette, a back sitting room, a table and a mounted(镶嵌的)TV, and an upstairs bedroom can be easily____by stairway.

Although Luke did the____and learned how to do all the work, he had his father’s____throughout the project. Greg Thill was very happy that his son learned to stay on____and deal with grown-ups.____,he had some simple rules when Luke____the house: “You ____the money. You build it. And you own it.’’

Luke is now in love with ____. He has a YouTube channel and hopes to ____other kids to start building.____, he wants to build a bigger tiny house to live in, but for now, he____in his new home a few nights a week, does homework there, and uses it to take a____from his twin brother.

1.A. changes    B. ignores    C. improves    D. weakens

2.A. method    B. explanation    C. procedure    D. case

3.A. tired    B. fond    C. confident    D. guilty

4.A. thus    B. even    C. still    D. anyhow

5.A. in exchange for    B. in praise for    C. in support of    D. in place of

6.A. updated    B. ordered    C. removed    D. used

7.A. recycled    B. cheap    C. new    D. raw

8.A. spent    B. took    C. saved    D. wasted

9.A. supported    B. accessed    C. held    D. landed

10.A. research    B. housework    C. experiment    D. discovery

11.A. permission    B. help    C. control    D. order

12.A. credit    B. business    C. budget    D. duty

13.A. Therefore    B. Besides    C. Rather    D. However

14.A. finished    B. decorated    C. started    D. painted

15.A. borrow    B. donate    C. raise    D. distribute

16.A. books    B. videos    C. riding    D. building

17.A. inspire    B. press    C. command    D. warn

18.A. Luckily    B. Eventually    C. Frequently    D. Strangely

19.A. brings out    B. leaves out    C. hangs out    D. puts out

20.A. ride    B. risk    C. chance    D. break


They Just Can't Help It

My theory is that the female brain is mainly built for empathy — the ability to understand other people — and that the male brain is mainly built for building systems. 1. For example, women are more likely to read magazines on fashion and parenting, while men will choose magazines that feature computers and sport.

You may think that these preferences are influenced by the way people are taught to behave when they are growing up. However, this is not the case. A new study carried out at Cambridge University shows that newborn girls look longer at a face, and newborn boys look longer at a mobile. 2. It has also been observed that girls are better at noticing signs of changes in other people's feelings. Boys, however, seem to enjoy building toy towers and playing with toys which have clear functions. 3. People whose jobs are in the construction industries are almost male. Math and engineering, which require high levels of systems-thinking, are also male-chosen disciplines. Why do men and women have the difference? Actually women have four times as many brain neurons (神经) that connect the right and left part of their brains. Because of it, women have a better ability to multitask than men. 4. Men tend to focus on a limited number of problems at a time. They will separate themselves from problems and view tasks as independent from one another.

Some people may worry that I am suggesting one gender (性别) is better than the other, but this is not the case. My theory says that males and females differ in the kinds of things that they find easy, but that both genders have their strengths and weaknesses. 5. It is not true. The study simply looks at males and females as two groups, and asks what differences exist, and why they are there.

A. Generally speaking, there are clear differences.

B. Their preference for building systems may change over time.

C. You can see the same kind of pattern in the adult workplace.

D. They will consider many sources of information at the same time.

E. It is important to stress that the female brain may be built more for empathy.

F. That suggests certain differences between male and female brains are biological.

G. Others may think the theory creates a belief of what a particular type of person is like.


Can you be too beautiful? It is hardly a problem that most of us have to bother — as much as we might like to dream that it were the case.

Yet the blessings and curses of beauty have been a long-standing interest in psychology. Do those blessed with shiny faces and an attractive body live in a cloud of appreciation — or does it sometimes pay to be ordinary?

At the most basic level, beauty might be thought to carry a kind of halo (光环) around it; we see that someone has one good quality, and by association, our deep mind may assume that they have other good ones too.

Even in the courts, a pleasing appearance can work its magic. Attractive criminals are likely to get less strict sentences, or to escape punishment entirely; attractive plaintiffs (原告), meanwhile, are more likely to win their case and get bigger financial settlements. “It’s an effect seen everywhere,” says Walker.

But if beauty pays in most circumstances, there are still situations where it can have opposite results. While attractive men may be considered better leaders, for instance, hidden sexist prejudices (偏见) can work against attractive women, making them less likely to be hired for high-level jobs that require power. And as you might expect, good-looking people of both sexes run into envy — one study found that if you are interviewed by someone of the same sex, they may be less likely to employ you if they judge that you are more attractive than they are.

More worryingly, being beautiful or handsome could harm your medical care. We tend to link good looks to health, meaning that illnesses are often taken less seriously when they affect the good-looking. When treating people for pain, for instance, doctors tend to take less care over the more attractive people.

Ultimately, scientists point out that focusing too much on your appearance can itself be harmful if it creates stress and anxiety — even for those already blessed with good looks. “If you are crazy about attractiveness, it may affect your experience and interactions,” she says. It’s an outdated saying, but no amount of beauty can make up for a bad personality. As the writer Dorothy Parker put it so elegantly: “Beauty is only skin deep, but ugly goes clean to the bone.”

1.From paragraph 1, we can learn that _______.

A. some may be bothered by their unattractive appearance

B. most people are not afraid of being too beautiful

C. we might always dream about being bothered by others

D. being too beautiful can be a problem bothering everyone

2.Which is the benefit for beautiful people?

A. All attractive plaintiffs have more chances to get away with punishment.

B. Women with pleasing appearance will always be considered as better leaders.

C. Good-looking people are often regarded as having many good qualities.

D. Beautiful criminals are more likely to persuade the judge and win the case.

3.The writer mentioned the underlined sentence in the last paragraph to _______.

A. persuade us to pay more attention to our looks from now on

B. suggest that beauty can help make a better personality

C. encourage us to focus more on improving our personality

D. ask ugly people to have more confidence in their personality

4.What might be the best title for the passage?

A. Beauty, a blessing?    B. Sexist Prejudice.

C. Real beauty.    D. Benefits Beauty holds.


Humans have been keeping animals as pets for tens of thousands of years, but Dr. Jean-Loup Rault, an animal scientist at the University of Melbourne in Australia, believes new companions are coming: robot pets.

“Technology is moving very fast,” Rault told ABC News, “The Tamagotchi in the early 1990s was really the first robotic pet, and now Sony and other big companies have improved them a lot.”

This may not sit well with pet lovers. After all, who would choose a plastic toy over a lovely puppy? But Rault argues that the robotic kind has a lot going for it: “You don’t have to feed it, you don’t have to walk it, it won’t make a mess in your house, and you can go on a holiday without feeling guilty.” The technology also benefits those who are allergic to pets, short on space, or fearful of real animals.

It’s not clear whether robot pets can replace real ones. But studies do suggest that we can bond with these smart machines. People give their cars names and kids give their toy animals life stories. It’s the same with robots. When Sony stopped its repair service for its robot dog Aibo in March 2014, owners in Japan held funerals.

As an animal welfare researcher, Rault is concerned about how robotic pets could affect our attitudes towards live animals. “If we become used to a robotic companion that doesn’t need food, water or exercises, perhaps it will change how humans care about other living beings,” he said.

So are dogs and cats a thing of the past, as Rault predicts? For those who grew up with living and breathing pets, the mechanical kind might not do. But for our next generation who are in constant touch with smart technology, a future in which lovely pets needn’t have a heartbeat might not be a far-fetched dream.

1.What does the underlined phrase “sit well with” means?

A. be refused by    B. be beneficial to

C. make a difference to    D. receive support from

2.What are the advantages of robot pets?

a. They are plastic and feel smooth.

b. Owners needn’t worry about them when going out.

c. They can help cure allergies.

d. They save space and costs.

A. ab.    B. bc.    C. bd.    D. cd.

3.The passage mainly tells us ______.

A. the advantages of robot toys    B. the popularity of robot pets

C. living pets are dying out    D. robot pets are coming


Hundreds of years ago, news was carried from place to place by people on foot or by horse. It took days, weeks and sometimes months for people to receive news. Now it is possible to send words and pictures around the world in seconds. Billions of people learn about news stories of their own country and all over the world every day, either by watching TV or reading newspapers.

Newspapers have been an important part of everyday life since the 18th century. Many countries have hundreds of different newspapers. How do newspaper editors decide which news stories to print? Why do they print some stories and not others? What makes a good newspaper story?

Firstly, it is important to report new stories. TV stations can report news much faster than newspapers. Yet, newspapers give more about the same story. They may also look at the story in another way, or they may print completely different stories to those on TV.

Secondly, a news story has to be interesting and unusual. People don’t want to read stories about everyday life. As a result, many stories are about some kind of danger and seem to be "bad" news. For example, newspapers never print stories about planes landing safely; instead they print stories about plane accidents.

Another factor is also very important in many news stories. Many people are interested in news in foreign countries, but more prefer to read stories about people, places and events in their own country. So the stories on the front page in Chinese newspapers are usually very different from the ones in British, French and American newspapers.

1.According to the passage, how do people learn about news stories in the world now?

A. They carry news stories and tell others from place to place on foot or by horse.

B. They tell each other what they have seen with their eyes.

C. They watch TV or read newspapers.

D. They listen to the radio every day.

2.The difference between newspaper stories and TV news reports is that _______.

A. people can learn more about the same news story from a newspaper

B. people can read the news story more quickly in a newspaper

C. people can read news stories in other countries

D. people can read news stories about their own country

3.According to the passage, which of the following can you most possibly watch on TV?

A. You often play football with your friends after school.

B. Your teacher has got a cold.

C. A tiger in the city zoo has run out and hasn’t been caught.

D. The bike in front of your house is lost.



1.How old was the person in the first case?

A. 15.    B. 20.    C. 40.

2.Where was the Diablo 3 player from?

A. Taiwan.    B. New York.    C. The UK.

3.What did the man from the UK die from?

A. Thirst.    B. Heart attack.    C. Blood clot.

4.What does the speaker want to tell the audience?

A. Children should never play video games.

B. Limit the time spent in front of the TV or computer.

C. Go to the hospital after sitting for too long.



1.What will happen if the man eats the bread right now?

A. He’ll find that the bread is quite cold.

B. The bread will taste disgusting.

C. The bread will be too soft inside.

2.Who will be coming to visit?

A. The woman’s sister.    B. The man’s manager.    C. The speakers’ friend.

3.How does the man seem to feel about Kay?

A. He thinks she’s a great cook.

B. He isn’t really looking forward to seeing her.

C. He’s very excited about her coming.



1.What is the woman’s complaint?

A. It’s too hot in the room. .

B. The speeches are very boring.

C. She only has crossword puzzles to keep her busy.

2.What does the man probably do?

A. A TV show host.    B. A newspaper reporter.    C. A worker at a charity.

3.Why shouldn’t the woman listen to her iPod?

A. It would seem impolite.

B. It would be too loud.

C. It would make her fall asleep.



1.What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Teacher and student.    B. Mother and son.    C. Husband and wife.

2.When does this conversation probably take place?

A. At night just before bedtime.    B. In the early morning.    C. In the afternoon.

3.How will the man learn about the exciting part?

A. By asking the woman to skip over the boring parts.

B. By reading the book himself.

C. By listening to the woman read the whole story.



1.How does the girl feel in the beginning?

A. Tired.    B. Angry.    C. Stressed.

2.When will the man help the woman?

A. Tomorrow after school.    B. All night tonight.    C. On Friday.


When is the assignment due?

A. Later today.    B. Tomorrow.    C. The day after tomorrow.


What did the woman try to do?

A. Create a new password.

B. Get some information for the man.

C. Go online using the man’s new password.


Why didn’t the woman answer her phone?

A. She lost her phone.

B. She didn’t want to talk to the man.

C. She was not allowed to use the phone then.


What does the man think of going to Aspen?

A. It costs too much.

B. It sounds very interesting.

C. He needs to think about it.


What will the man have?

A. Coffee with milk.    B. Tea with sweet cream.    C. Tea with sugar.


Most people present themselves in a favorable light on Facebook, Twitter, or WeChat, and there’s nothing wrong with that. “Facebook is a forum for highlighting your strengths and the good things that are happening in your life,” says psychologist, Phoenix Deerhawke.

When all you see on a friend’s page is cheerful posts and great photos, it may make you feel like your life doesn’t measure up. The practice has been called “fakebooking”, and it may affect you negatively. Indeed, in a study, sociologists found that among students who used Facebook, most agreed that their friends---even the ones they don’t know personally---were happier and had better lives.

If your time on Facebook makes you upset, you may need to change your perspective. “Facebook is like a movie trailer(预告片),” says Deerhawke. “You only see the best parts; your friends’ pages on Facebook, be mindful that they are least likely to post unpleasant stuff that is happening to them. After all, who wants to keep souvenirs of ---or take selfie on--- their worst days?


1. 用约30个单词写出上文概要;

2. 用约120个单词阐述对于美化了的朋友圈的看法,并列出2-3个理由支持观点。


1. 写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句;

2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称;

3. 不必写标题。



Your grandpa probably complained that rain was coming---he could feel it in his knees. We wouldn’t want to question an elder’s wisdom, but is there any scientific basis in his claims? One expert, Elaine Husni, director of Cleveland Clinic’s Arthritis(关节炎) and Musculoskeletal Center, explains the effects of barometric pressure (气压) and why these aches and pains could be telling.

Dr. Husni says that many, but not all, of her osteoarthritis patients complain that weather does influence their pain levels. “There is some consensus that lower barometric pressure and dropping temperatures correlate with more joint pain,” says the Cleverland doctor. Barometric pressure---essentially the weight of the air around us---drops when it gets colder. The thinking, she explains, is that lightness can cause the thin lining known as the joint capsule(关节囊), which surrounds joints and maintains lubrication(润滑), to expand and stretch nerves, causing pain. A similar phenomenon can occur with humidity changes: There can be shifts in pressure that cause swelling around the joints, Dr. Husni says.

Theories include that “patients with arthritis already have inflammation(炎症) of their joints(specifically around the joint capsule) so any additional changes in the atmosphere could be detected more easily,” she says. “Perhaps the nerve endings are more sensitive in patients with arthritis.”

People with migraines (偏头痛) sometimes insist they feel headaches coming on when the air turns cold and the air pressure drops. These are called barometric pressure headaches, and a small study of 31 migraine sufferers in Naples, Italy, found that low pressure can lead to constricted(收缩的) blood vessels and result in more severe headaches, though the reasons, according to scientists, aren’t totally clear.

Dr. Husni is quick to point out that clinical studies have been conducted to find direct correlations between patients with hip or knee pains and changes in the weather, but the results were mixed. “There does seem to be a loose association between certain temperature variables like barometric pressure, cold temperatures and humidity and increased joint pain, but it isn’t so easy for patients to say with precision, ‘It will be 60 degrees and rainy tomorrow,’” she says. While many patients do feel more pain when it gets cold or humid, “they are not psychic(灵媒). In studies, they couldn’t predict the weather with accuracy.”

The studies Dr. Husni cites don’t pinpoint (准确描述) an exact time of when pain is set off by changing temperatures, nor has she seen evidence that certain climates are better for those with joint pain. “A lot of people with osteoarthritis say they do better in warmer climates, but the changes in climate aren’t always clinically meaningful,” says the joint expert. She cites a study that tracked online searches for terms related to arthritis and knee and hip pain and weather changes across 5 years in 50 American cities. When temperatures fell to between minus 5℃ and 30℃, search volumes() for hip pain increased by 12 index points, and knee pain increased by 18 index points; above 30℃, search volumes dropped by 7 index points. Still, says Dr. Husni, the study didn’t prove predictive abilities---just curiosity. “It’s not like you need to move to a warmer climate,” she says.

Blustery(大风的) weather may indeed increase pain in those who suffer from joint pain, but Dr.Husni suggests some basic fixes. No matter your local climate, keep your core warm and dry, she says. A sweater, scarf and gloves are perfectly fine well into March. No hard evidence suggests that applying heat or cold will eradicate joint pain. But “if an ice pack feels good or a heat pad helps, I’m not going to stop my patients from using them,” she says.

Anti-inflammatory medications are also go-tos, but Dr. Husni encourages patients with arthritis and other joint discomfort to seek medical advice. “Consult your doctor, who can treat you personally, she says. “Osteoarthritis affects 27% of Americans, and there are a lot of experts out there. Get diagnosed, get help, and you don’t have to suffer in bad weather.

Can achy joints predict the weather?


Elders tend to 1. achy joints on the change in weather.

The scientific  2. for weather-related pain

●A 3. in air pressure and temperature correspond to more joint pain.

●Swelling tissues caused by high humidity put 4.on joints and increase pain.

●The presence of joint inflammation puts patients with arthritis in a more  5. situation.

The 6. results of those clinical studies

●There seems to be a loose link between certain temperature variables and increased joint pain.

●Patients with hip or knee pain have 7. predicting the weather with accuracy.

●Whether certain climates are better for those with joint pain is 8..

Some suggestions for 9. joint pain

Whatever the cause of joint pain, patients can manage it with 10. therapy and different medications.




The concept of a “born leader” seems so fanciful that it belongs on the cover of a bad business book. But it turns out that born leaders are real, and researchers have discovered a key factor, which isn’t genes, parents, or peers, but birth order.

First-born children are 30 percent more likely to be CEOs or politicians, according to a new paper by several economists, Sandra E. Black at the University of Texas-Austin, and Bjorn Ockert and Erik Gronqvist at Sweden’s Institute for Evaluation of Labor Market and Education Policy. The paper, which only looked at boys, found that first-borns stay in school longer, make more money, have a higher IQ, and even spend more time on homework than on television,

The idea that birth order might shape personality goes back at least to the 1920s, when Alfred Adler theorized that first-born children develop a “taste for power” at a young age, since they can dominate their younger siblings. He went on to say young children are spoiled and become dependent on their parents (the “baby of the family” effect), while middle children, being often in a war for their parents’ attention, are status-conscious and naturally competitive.

Obtaining personality from birth may strike you. But Adler’s hypotheses (假说) have held up in numerous studies. In a 2013 paper, “Strategic Parenting, Birth Order and School Performance,” V. Joseph Hotz, a professor of economics at Duke University, and Juan Pantano, a professor of economics at Washington University in St. Louis, used American data to show that school performance declines with birth order.

The researchers chalked their findings up to what they called the “reputational model of strategic parenting.” Put simply, parents invest a lot of time in establishing rules for their first child, building a reputation for toughness that they hope will pass down to later children. As a result, first-borns are doubly blessed—having too much of their parents’ attention, and then entrusted to act as the rules enforcer of the family, which helps them build intelligence, discipline, and leadership qualities. In the survey, parents report that they consider their older children more successful, and they are less likely to discipline their later-born children for improper behaviors, such as acting up or not doing homework.

This new study relies on Swedish data, and it comes to a similar conclusion. First-borns aren’t just healthier or smarter, but also they score higher on “emotional stability, persistence, social outgoingness, willingness to assume responsibility and ability to take the initiative.” Its researchers ruled out genetic factors; in fact, they uncovered evidence that later-born children might be healthier than first-borns.

Instead, the differences among siblings had everything to do with family dynamics in the children’s early years. First, having more children means parents can spend less time on each child, and as the parental investment declines, so may IQ.

Second, the most important effect, the researchers said, might not be the “strategic parenting” but something more like “strategic brothering.” As siblings compete for their parents’ love (or ice cream, or toys), they occupy certain positions---older siblings demonstrate their competence and power, while younger siblings develop more creative strategies to get attention. This effect seems particularly strong among later-born boys with older brothers. Younger brothers are much more likely to enter “creative” occupations ---like architect, writer, actor, singer, or photographer---if they have older brothers, rather than older sisters. In other words, among young brothers, specialization within the family forecasts specialization in the workforce.

There is a considerable implication in this idea that family dynamics during childhood can shape adult personality. Young children are highly sensitive to their environment, in ways that often have lasting effects.

1.First-born children are more likely to be CEOs or politicians because _____.

A. they are born to have leadership qualities

B. teachers and parents invest more time in educating them

C. later-born children need them to set good examples

D. they have a lot of practice in bossing around their younger siblings

2.What can we learn about Alfred Adler?

A. His research was based on American data.

B. His hypotheses were applied in many studies.

C. He held the idea that first-born children should be independent.

D. He thought that children’s personality was affected by birth order.

3.According to the 2013 paper, if a child does not behave as well as his elder brother at school, it may be due to the fact that he ______.

A. has a lower IQ and EQ

B. is badly treated by school teachers

C. receives less attention from his parents

D. is spoiled too much by other family members

4.What are the findings of the new study based on?

A. Swedish data on boys.

B. Controlled experiments on children.

C. Differences between first-born and later-borns.

D. The observation of children’s development across Sweden.

5.The new study has found that later-born children ______.

A. feel disappointed at their parents’ attitude to them

B. are always in a process of self-discovery

C. may be more trustworthy and creative

D. might be physically strong

6.According to the author, ______.

A. parents should create a good family environment for their children

B. children should be given equal attention by their parents

C. girls’ development is seldom affected by birth order

D. boys should be forbidden to order others around


Even then my only friends were made of paper and ink. At school I had learned to read and write long before the other children. Where my school friends saw notches of ink on incomprehensible pages, I saw light, streets and people. Words and the mystery of their hidden science fascinated me, and I saw in them a key with which I could unlock a boundless world, a haven from that home, those streets, and those troubled days in which even I could sense that only a limited fortune awaited me. My father didn’t like to see books in the house. There was something about them---apart from the letters he could not recognize---that offended him. He used to tell me that as soon as I was ten he would send me off to work and that I’d better get rid of all my scatterbrained ideas if I didn’t want to end up a loser, a nobody. I used to hide my books under the mattress and wait for him to go out or fall asleep so that I could read. Once he caught me reading at night and flew into a rage. He tore the book from my hands and flung it out of the window.

“If I catch you wasting electricity again, reading all this nonsense, you’ll be sorry.”

My father was not a miser and, despite the hardships we suffered, whenever he could he gave me a few coins so that I could buy myself some treats like the other children. He was convinced that I spent them on sunflower seeds, or sweets, but I would keep them in a coffee tin under the bed, and when I’d collected enough coins I’d secretly rush out to buy myself a book.

My favorite place in the whole city was the Sempere & Sons Bookshop on Calle Santa Ana. It smelled of old paper and dust and it was my refuge. The bookseller would let me sit on a chair in a corner and read any book I liked to my heart’s content. He hardly ever allowed me to pay for the books he placed in my hands, but when he wasn’t looking I’d leave the coins I’d managed to collect on the counter before I left. It was only small change---if I’d had to buy a book with that pittance (极少的报酬), I would probably have been able to afford only a booklet of cigarette papers. When it was time for me to leave, I would do so dragging my feet, a weight on my soul. If it had been up to me, I would have stayed there forever.

One Christmas Sempere gave me that best gift I had ever received. It was an old volume, read and experienced to the full.

Great expectations, by Charles Dickens,” I read on the cover.

I was aware that Sempere knew a few authors who frequented his establishment and, judging by the care with which he handled the volume, I thought perhaps this Mr. Dickens was one of them.

“A friend of yours?”

“A lifelong friend. And from now on, he’s your friend too.”

That afternoon I took my new friend home, hidden under my clothes so that my father wouldn’t see it. It was a rainy winter, with days as gray as lead, and I read Great Expectations about nine times, partly because I had no other book at hand, partly because I did not think there could be a better one in the whole world and I was beginning to suspect that Mr. Dickens had written it just for me. Soon I was convinced that I didn’t want to do anything else in life but learn to do what Mr. Dickens had done.

1.The underlined word “haven” in Paragraph 1 probably means “______”.

A. favor    B. mask    C. consultant    D. shelter

2.Paragraph 1 mainly talks about ______.

A. the people who played a part in the author’s story

B. the difficulties the author ran into in his childhood

C. the author’s affection for books as a child

D. the author’s dreams before he met Sempere

3.The word “friend” is used twice by Sempere to ______.

A. emphasize the emotional connection Sempere feels to reading

B. imply that Sempere had one close friend in his lifetime

C. underline the importance of the author’s connection to Sempere

D. stress how friendships helped the author deal with difficulties

4.Why does the author consider Great Expectations to be the best gift?

A. Because he wanted to make the acquaintance of the book’s author.

B. Because the gift meant that Sempere regarded him as a special friend.

C. Because reading the book convinced him that he wanted to be a writer.

D. Because he’d only ever been given sweets and snacks as gifts in the past.


Humans kill large carnivores---a category of animals that includes wolves, bears, lions, tigers and pumas---at more than nine times their death rate in the wild. Although they may not be our prey (猎物) in the traditional sense, new research shows that some of the world’s biggest carnivores are responding to humans in a way that resembles how prey animals react to predators (捕食者). Biologists at the Santa Cruz Puma Project, an ongoing research effort in the mountains of California’s central coast, report that even the scary puma, or mountain lion, shows its fearful side when people are around.

In a recent study, the researchers followed 17 mountain lions outfitted with GPS collars (项圈) to the animals’ deer kill sites. Once the cats naturally left the scene between feedings, ecologist Justin A. Smith, now at the University of California Berkeley, and her team trained motion-activated cameras on the prey bodies. On the animals’ return, the cameras triggered nearby speakers, which broadcast recordings of either frogs croaking (呱呱叫) or humans conversing.

The pumas almost always fled immediately on hearing the human voices, and many never returned to resume feeding or took a long time to do so. But they only rarely stopped eating or fled when they heard the frogs. They also spent less than half as much time feeding during the 24 hours after first hearing human chatter, compared with hearing the frogs, the team reported.

The human presence in such a situation has far-reaching consequences. A previous study found that Santa Cruz pumas living near residential areas killed 36 percent more deer than those in less populated places. The new finding could explain why: if the cats are scared away from their kills before they finish feeding, they may be taking more prey to compensate. And fewer deer could mean more plants go uneaten, according to Chris Darimont, a professor of conservation science at the University of Victoria in British Columbia, who was not involved in the study. Thus, fear of humans may alter the entire food chain.

“Humans are the most significant source of death for pumas in this population even though the cats are not legally hunted for food or sport,” Smith says. “Many are hunted illegally, struck by vehicles or legally killed by governmental agencies as a means of protecting livestock. So they have good reason to be fearful of us,” she adds. Darimont predicts other large carnivores would show similar responses because humans have effectively become the planet’s top predator---even if we often do not eat what we kill.

1.How did researchers make the discovery?

A. By fitting GPS collars to the animals’ prey and following them.

B. By getting to the kill sties and broadcasting all types of sounds.

C. By observing pumas’ reaction to frogs’ croaking or humans’ voices.

D. By counting how long pumas spent eating in different backgrounds.

2.According to the passage, humans’ presence will lead to ______.

A. less deer being eaten    B. more plants left uneaten

C. pumas occupying less populated areas    D. more puma feeding times within a day

3.Smith’s attitude towards the government hunting pumas is ______.

A. doubtful    B. disapproving    C. disappointing    D. objective


Bruny Island and the D' Entrecasteaux Channel

*Duration: 4 days, 3 nights

*From AU$1, 200.00 per person

Sail aboard Yukon on “the channel”, a favorite cruising ground for the Tasmanian sailor. This partially sheltered water way between the Tasmanian mainland and Bruny Island has a lot of anchorages (锚地) and beaches. An ideal passage for a short break, this 3-night voyage is a good introduction to coastal cruising aboard Yukon.

This is an excellent opportunity to take a comfortable low-impact holiday and feel the amazing experience of a wooden ship under sail at sea.

Indicative Itinerary (旅行路线)

*Waterloo Bay

*Egg and Bacon Bay

*Mickeys Bay (Bruny Island)

*Partridge Island

*The Quarries

*Great Taylors Bay

Possible Wildlife Encounters (相遇)

Seals, dolphins, whales and birdlife.

All destinations are considered with regard to weather and an individual’s capacity. The prime objective of the voyages is to enjoy “the channel” and Bruny Island’s coastal surrounds, whilst taking advantage of Yukon’s roomy comfort. A series of short guided/unguided walks will be a part of the daily program.

Please contact us for availability.


All meals from Lunch on day 1 to Lunch on day 4

All accommodation on board the Yukon

The return trip to Franklin


0447 972342or 0498 578535


Franklin Marina

3333 Huon Highway Franklin

The Yukon is at the jetty (码头) near the Franklin Wooden Boat Centre.

1.What will the tourists probably do during the travel?

A. Learn to sail.    B. Watch whale hunting.

C. Go downtown Tasmania.    D. Enjoy Yukon’s large space.

2.What can we learn about the cost of the trip?

A. It is flexible.    B. It is fairly high.

C. It includes daily three meals.    D. It offers only a one-way ticket.


I don’t know why I came to the decision to become a loser, but I know I made the ______ at a young age. Sometime in the middle of the fourth grade, I ______ trying. By the time I was in the seventh grade, I was lazy, rebellious, ______.

It wasn’t long after that I dropped out of school. Hard physical labor was the ______ for the choices I made as an adolescent. At the age of 21, I was ______ lost, and using drugs as a way to ______ the fact that I had no education and was ______ in a dead-end job carrying heavy construction materials up a ladder all day.

____, now I believe in do-overs, in the chance to do it all again. And I believe that do-overs can be made at any ______ in your life, if you have the right ______. Mine came from a surprising source.

It was September 21, 2002, when my son Blake was born. It’s funny that after a life of ____responsibility, now I was in charge of something so ______. Over the years, as I grew into the ______ of Dad, I began to learn something about myself. In a way, Blake and I were both learning to walk, talk, work and play for the first time. I began my do-over.

It took me almost three years to learn how to read. I started with my son’s books. ______, I practised reading books to him until I remembered all the words in every one of them. I began to wonder if it was possible for me to go back to school. I knew I wanted to be a good role ____, so after a year-and-a-half and a lot of hard work, I ______ my GED test on my son’s fourth birthday. This may not sound like much, and I’m surely not trying to get praise for doing something that should have been done ______, but all things considered it was one of the best days in my life. Today, I’m a full-time college student, studying to ______ sociologist.

It’s funny, growing up I always heard these great ______ stories of triumph over shortcomings. But I never thought they ______ to me. Now I believe it’s a choice anyone can make: to do it all over again.

1.A. determination    B. wish    C. application    D. choice

2.A. started    B. stopped    C. considered    D. fancied

3.A. skeptical    B. defensive    C. disrespectful    D. suspicious

4.A. consequence    B. compromise    C. compensation    D. competence

5.A. alternatively    B. hopelessly    C. approximately    D. undoubtedly

6.A. do with    B. deal with    C. conflict with    D. meet with

7.A. struck    B. stuck    C. lost    D. taken

8.A. Nevertheless    B. Meanwhile    C. Furthermore    D. Therefore

9.A. cost    B. corner    C. point    D. occasion

10.A. ambition    B. technique    C. opportunity    D. motivation

11.A. avoiding    B. preventing    C. undertaking    D. overcoming

12.A. flexible    B. enterprising    C. fragile    D. authentic

13.A. name    B. statue    C. title    D. career

14.A. By and by    B. Over and over    C. Back and forward    D. Now and then

15.A. model    B. leader    C. example    D. tutor

16.A. got through    B. went through    C. pull through    D. comb through

17.A. for the first time    B. in the first place    C. at first hand    D. in first place

18.A. become    B. turn    C. grow    D. make

19.A. turn-around    B. take-off    C. pull-out    D. turn-off

20.A. appealed    B. applied    C. attached    D. adapted


—That was rather a tough question. How did you get it right?

—To tell the truth, I just ________.

A. burnt the midnight oil    B. was left to sink or swim

C. played it safe    D. took a shot in the dark


We firmly believe that ______ the new examination system comes into existence, completely new situations will arise.

A. considering    B. supposed    C. providing    D. given


--- How could you have trusted the online dictionary that much in translating your resume?

--- Well, I never expected it should translate it so ______.

A. literally    B. originally    C. sufficiently    D. professionally


Who ______ the fight against the H1N1 flu ______ it not been for the Chinese scientists’ great efforts?

A. could have won; had    B. would win; had    C. would have won; has    D. could win; has


— How is the test that you took yesterday?

— Unfortunately, not even one of the hundred students who took the test ______ passed.

A. has    B. have    C. are    D. is


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